Innovative and important aspects of laser scanning confocal fluorescence imaging (LSCFI) are presented here as a general overview. We have described and discussed the technology of the procedure in some detail. We also report some of our original work with transmembraneous uptake of 5S gamma-globulin on living human leukocytes as an example of one specific application of LSCFI. These original data and results are presented, as well as citing other uses and applications, to show the power of LSCFI technique. The article will hopefully be useful for those not familiar with the methodology and utility of laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy. Applications of LSCFI are very diverse, and there are new applications of this technology constantly being developed. Interest is growing in LSCFI, particularly in the pharmacologic and therapeutic areas, as demonstrated in this article.