Sharonov, A. and Hochstrasser, R. M.
Wide-field subdiffraction imaging by accumulated binding of diffusing probes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 103: 18911-18916 (2006).

A method is introduced for subdiffraction imaging that accumulates points by collisional flux. It is based on targeting the surface of objects by fluorescent probes diffusing in the solution. Because the flux of probes at the object is essentially constant over long time periods, the examination of an almost unlimited number of individual probe molecules becomes possible. Each probe that hits the object and that becomes immobilized is located with high precision by replacing its point-spread function by a point at its centroid. Images of lipid bilayers, contours of these bilayers, and large unilamellar vesicles are shown. A spatial resolution of ~25 nm is readily achieved. The ability of the method to effect rapid nanoscale imaging and spatial resolution below Rayleigh criterion and without the necessity for labeling with fluorescent probes is proven.